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Free Software vs Open Source

"Free Speech Not Beer"


"Freedom is either zero or either one"

" Do all fathers with a family only use Ubuntu as a distro? "

It happens to the best of us.
A friend of family member asks for help.
Being so close, how you can say no? 

Usually it begins with a small favor
That small favor leads to others

Once you fix something,
they'll forever regard you as the
"computer genius"

If it reaches this point, you're pretty much screwed.
It's just not to the point where every family has a Linux "computer
person" to turn to when they need help... as happens.

However, it isn’t convenient or even remotely easy for some people to just switch operating systems at the bat of an eye.

What got u into linux? Pronouncing: GNU stands for "GNU is Not Unix".  

OT TIVO has spent the last ten years fruitlessly trying to catch linux up with proprietary software.

GNU /slash ubuntu/linux distributions involved in a completely different way (sad story).

(To save money, and that’s one way of looking at it, however….…) OT TIVO later cobbled together a computer for his mother, grandma and ex-girlfriend out of cast-offs left over from his own upgrades. Grandma doesn't need a cutting-edge computer because she's not a power user, but she does need a reliable machine to run a few basic applications and to access the Internet. So OT TIVO moved his grandma from Windows to Linux, and the experience was a surprisingly smooth one.

Of course, it's much easier to be a supporter of open source, because it doesn't commit you to anything. You could spend ten minutes a week doing things that help advance open source, or just say you're a supporter -- and you're not a hypocrite, because you can't violate your principles if you haven't stated any. []

OT TIVO has spent the last ten years fruitlessly trying to catch linux up with proprietary software.

The fundamental difference between the two movements is in their values, their ways of looking at the world. For the Open Source movement, the issue of whether software should be open source is a practical question, not an ethical one. As one person put it, “Open source is a development methodology; free software is a social movement.

The Free Software movement and the Open Source movement are today separate movements with different views and goals.

Save time and money so you can have a single technician maintain your infrastructure from anywhere in the world. []

Setting up a new computer for grandmother. Grandmother's Computer, getting her on Linux.

Pronouncing: GNU stands for "GNU is Not Unix".

Rather than being concerned with the mechanics of the software. she was soon interacting with her content.. She's the kind of grandmother who ends up with the Ask toolbar, a bloated desktop and no clue where her Solitaire shortcut ended up each time. The true Way to the Knowledge of the Source...

In meanwhile OT TIVO help them to keep their files under closed/proprietary formats and communicate through closed/proprietary protocols, then, why on the earth do you want them to use a free operating system?

Then OT TIVO goes back to visit her. Since grandma is going to value the ability to call someone to help her with her new computer. If she get’s stuck in her office. OT TIVO sets up and downloaded her favorite games. Grandma interested in Facebook, Banking, NS and Gmail and sites like that. Placed icons for her most used applications on the desktop for easy access. OT TIVO does all the maintenance on the machine (updates, install new printer, etc.). It's been running great for over years. Grandma loves it! 

At some point you have to stand for something...

OT TIVO was born before the existence of digital technologies and adopted it to some extent later in life. Once a digital immigrant, OT TIVO later learned how to use a smart phone.

Once Linux is installed and running, Pronouncing: GNU stands for GNU is Not Unix

OT TIVO is using it exactly like using Windows. You click on an icon and the program starts. There is very little for end users to learn, it just looks a bit different.

How to install proprietary Software in Ubuntu

OT TIVO isn’t concerned about the amount of proprietary software that seems to be part of Ubuntu now. I've noticed quite a few apps that in the software center are listed as "License: proprietary" Obviously there's the partner stuff, like Skype that in 2013 OT TIVO installed  both windows and GNU/linux machines (although that's not good example as it doesn't work in the Software Center) but there seems to be a fair load of other stuff creeping in, too.

Compiling your own distro...

As the program targets a larger audience the number of technology free riders increases, creating a feeling of being abused by the system for the software vendor. This certainly explains why so many software programs stay proprietary. There are also variations on Ubuntu that include proprietary/non-free software in the default installation. One popular variation is called Linux Mint.

Is there something I've not understood here? When and how did you switch to Linux? And what motivates a developer besides money? []

Why those who know about Freedomware, and support the idea, don’t make the switch? Aside their inability to follow their thoughts (the games excuse is included here), because switching from Windows+Office+MSNMessenger/Etc to GNU/Linux+OpenOffice.org+Pidgin+Etc seems like a huge step, only made by adventurous souls.

Grandmother moving from windows to linux

Why would you ever stick a non computer literate person like Grandma on linux? All OT TIVO doing is creating a tech support dependence on him and dooming hisself to endless discussions of "no you can't do XYZ that everyone else can because of me" Then OT-TIVO goes back to visit her. 

Using Linux is not exactly like using Windows, this is inarguable, and Linux users like it that way- it's the rest of the world that has a problem with it, or will have a problem or another challenge with it if and when they try to use it. Pronouncing: GNU stands for "GNU is Not Unix"

A system and method for automating the migration of configuration settings and data from computer systems running the Windows® operating system to computer systems running the Linux® operating system. The method utilizes data from one or more sources to create the configuration of the target system, and translates between settings related to the Windows® systems and Linux® systems involved. As a result, it simplifies the otherwise complex and time-consuming task of migrating from one server to another, specifically when migrating between two operating systems that provide similar functionality but are configured in distinctly different ways. []

OT TIVO’s Grandma can't handle technology, but she wants to be able to communicate with OT TIVO and her family through the internet (most about computer problem server solving) (ex. Gmail beta 2004 - 2007).. So OT TIVO thought he could install a Linux in her computer with just the ultra basics. I mean, an interface that he can edit to have only 3/4 buttons. Proprietary programs like telegram, Skype, a recipe site... and that's it.

Yet Solitaire and some net browsing for Facebook, banking, work and electronic communication via Gmail beta are basically all she needs. Then OT TIVO goes back to visit her. Since grandma is going to value the ability to call someone to help her with her new computer. If she get’s stuck in her office.

OT TIVO’s ex-girlfriend uses Linux, and she doesn't hardly know a mouse from a toaster. Pronouncing: GNU stands for "GNU is Not Unix".

For each user type you need to look at the learning curve to determine if the OS is "ready" for them. I've already stated that I think Linux is ready for the average user, because they've never explored the OS beyond opening programs and browsing the filesystem. Those of you who are more interested in tweaking it to their liking have a much steeper learning curve though because more of Linux tweaking involves cryptic commands and configuration files.

to be continued

GNU Users Who Have Never Heard Of GNU
by Richard Stallman

Most people have never heard of GNU. Even most of the people who use the GNU system have never heard of GNU, since so many people and companies teach them to call it “Linux”. Indeed, GNU users often say they are “running Linux”, which is like saying you are “driving your carburetor” or “driving your transmission”.... 

How I discovered Free Software and met RMS
∙ How to install proprietary closed software in Ubuntu

You have seen Ubuntu/Linux installed in a friends PC...

Update managementYou have seen Ubuntu/Linux installed in a friends PC...

Linux can be a double-edged sword. It assumes that you know what you're doing and gives you the freedom to do whatever you want. It won't question you. This is convenient when you actually know what you are doing. But is also means you could conceivably render your system unusable within seconds. Linux can be a double-edged sword. It assumes that you know what you're doing and gives you the freedom to do whatever you want.

However, it isn’t convenient or even remotely easy for some people to just switch operating systems at the bat of an eye.

"Pronouncing: GNU's is Not Unix".

Transcript of
Richard M. Stallman's speech,
"Free Software: Freedom and Cooperation"
New York University in New York, New York
on 29 May 2001

Microsoft describes the GNU GPL as an open source license, and most of the press coverage followed suit.  Most people, of course just innocently don't realize that its work has nothing to do with open source, that in fact we did most of it before people even coined the term open source. GNU versions were the most reliable.  People -- you know there are cancer clinics and 911 operations that use the GNU system, because it's so reliable, and reliability is very important to them.

QUESTION: What did the social engineer say before, GNU/Linux?

PRISCILLA: He said Linux.


PRISCILLA: Yes, if he's talking about the kernel, he calls it Linux.  You know, that's it's name.  The kernel was written by Linus Torvalds, and we should only call it by the name that he chose, out of respect for the author.

PRISCILLA: I have been,  what I will now say, a GNU/Linux user ...

QUESTION: Can you talk to me about that philosophical/ethical division between free software and open source?  Do you feel that those are irreconcilable? ...

[Recording switches tapes; end of question and start of answer is missing] 

STALLMAN: ... to a freedom, and ethics.  Or whether you just say,  Well, I hope that you companies will decide it's more profitable to let us be allowed to do these things. But, as I said, in a lot of practical work, it doesn't really matter what a person's politics are.  When a person offers to help the GNU project, we don't say: "You have to agree with our politics."  We say that in a GNU package, you've got to call the system GNU/Linux, and you've got to call it free software.  What you say when you're not speaking to the GNU Project, that's up to you. QUESTION: The company, IBM, started a campaign for government agencies, to sell their big new machines, that they used Linux as selling point, and say Linux. 

STALLMAN: Yes, of course, it's really the GNU/Linux systems. [Laughter] 

QUESTION: That's right!  Well, tell the top sales person.  He doesn't know anything for GNU. 

STALLMAN: I have to tell who? QUESTION: The top sales person. 

STALLMAN: Oh yes.  The problem is that they've already carefully decided what they want to say for reasons of their advantage.  And the issue of what is a more accurate, or fair,  or correct way to describe it is not the primary issue that matters to a company like that.  Now, some small companies, yes, there'll be a boss.  And if the boss is inclined to think about things like that, he might make a decision that way.  Not a giant corporation though. It's a shame, you know. There's another more important and more substantive issue about what IBM is doing.  They're saying that they're putting a billion dollars into "Linux".  But perhaps, I should also put quotes around "into", as well, because some of that money is paying people to develop free software. That really is a contribution to our community.  But other parts is paying to pay people to write proprietary software, or port proprietary software to run on top of GNU/Linux, and that is *not* a contribution to our community.  But IBM is lumping that altogether into this.  Some of it might be advertising, which is partly a contribution, even if it's partly wrong.  So, it's a complicated situation.  Some of what they're doing is contribution and some is not.  And some is sort is somewhat, but not exactly.  And you can't just lump it altogether and think, Wow!  Whee!  A billion dollars from IBM.  [Laughter] That's oversimplification.

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